**Beta (finance)** — The beta coefficient, in terms of finance and investing, describes how the expected return of a stock or portfolio is correlated to the return of the financial market as a whole. [cite book last = Levinson first = Mark year = 2006 title = Guide… … Wikipedia

**Hamada's Equation** — In corporate finance, Hamada’s Equation is used to separate the financial risk of a levered firm from its business risk. The equation combines the Modigliani Miller theorem with the Capital Asset Pricing Model. It is used to help determine the… … Wikipedia

**Modern portfolio theory** — Portfolio analysis redirects here. For theorems about the mean variance efficient frontier, see Mutual fund separation theorem. For non mean variance portfolio analysis, see Marginal conditional stochastic dominance. Modern portfolio theory (MPT) … Wikipedia

**Business valuation** — is a process and a set of procedures used to estimate the economic value of an owner’s interest in a business. Valuation is used by financial market participants to determine the price they are willing to pay or receive to consummate a sale of a… … Wikipedia

**Pearson distribution** — The Pearson distribution is a family of continuous probability distributions. It was first published by Karl Pearson in 1895 and subsequently extended by him in 1901 and 1916 in a series of articles on biostatistics. History The Pearson system… … Wikipedia

**Capital asset pricing model** — In finance, the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) is used to determine a theoretically appropriate required rate of return of an asset, if that asset is to be added to an already well diversified portfolio, given that asset s non diversifiable… … Wikipedia

**Mathematics and Physical Sciences** — ▪ 2003 Introduction Mathematics Mathematics in 2002 was marked by two discoveries in number theory. The first may have practical implications; the second satisfied a 150 year old curiosity. Computer scientist Manindra Agrawal of the… … Universalium

**Info-gap decision theory** — is a non probabilistic decision theory that seeks to optimize robustness to failure – or opportuneness for windfall – under severe uncertainty,[1][2] in particular applying sensitivity analysis of the stability radius type[3] to perturbations in… … Wikipedia

**Gordon model** — The Gordon growth model is a variant of the discounted cash flow model, a method for valuing a stock or business. Often used to provide difficult to resolve valuation issues for litigation, tax planning, and business transactions that don t have… … Wikipedia

**Ethanol** — For other uses, see Ethanol (disambiguation). Grain alcohol redirects here. It is not to be confused with Neutral grain spirit. Ethanol … Wikipedia